Export Terms

AECA – Arms Export Control Act
The AECA is the statute that authorizes the export and temporary import control activities of the Department of State (DOS). The AECA is the basic authority for the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) to issue regulations, and to administer and enforce export and temporary import controls for national security and foreign policy.
CCL – Commerce Control List
A list of items subject to Bureau of Industry and Security export license requirements based on their identity. The Commerce Control List (CCL) is found in Supplement 1 to Part 774 of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). [NOTE: EAR99 items are not on the CCL.]
DDTC
The office in the Department of State (DOS) that administers licenses for defense services and defense (munitions) articles.  Formerly known as the Office of Defense Trade Controls.
EAR – Export Administration Regulations
Regulations set forth in parts 730-774, of Title 15 of the Code of Federal Regulations(CFR), and issued by the Department of Commerce to implement the Export Administration Act (EAA) and other statutory requirements. The EAR is amended by rules published in the Federal Register.
ECCN – Export Control Classification Number
Individual categories of items on the Commerce Control List (CCL) are identified by an Export Control Classification Number (ECCN).
ECP – Export Compliance Program
An Export Compliance Program is an optional program to assist exporters in complying with the Export Regulatory Responsibilities.
ECR – Export Control Reform
Export Control Reform Initiative is a common sense approach to overhauling the nation’s export control system to meet the current and anticipated U.S. national security and foreign policy objectives of the 21st century.
EE – Export Enforcement
A principal operating unit of the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) responsible for the enforcement of export controls on “dual-use” items. EE also enforces the Export Administration Act’s (EAA) antiboycott provisions and the Fastener Quality Act.
FTR – Foreign Trade Regulations
(15 CFR, Part 30) Issued by the Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce to regulate the preparation and filing of the Shipper’s Export Declaration (SED) by exporters, freight forwarders, and ocean carriers.
IEEPA – International Emergency Economic Powers Act
IEEPA grants the President emergency power to respond to a threat to the U.S. national security, foreign policy, or the economy from abroad. Presidents have used IEEPA to continue the Export Administration Regulations in force during lapses of the Export Administration Act. IEEPA is found at 50 U.S.C. §1701 et seq.
ITAR – International Traffic in Arms Regulations
Governs the export and temporary import of defense articles and services under State Department jurisdiction. Regulations set forth in Parts 120-130 of Title 22 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) and issued by the Department of State to implement the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) and other statutory requirements. The ITAR is amended by rules published in the Federal Register.
NEI – National Export Initiative
To strengthen America’s economy, support additional jobs in the U.S., and ensure long-term, sustainable growth, President Obama launched a government-wide strategy to promote exports. The National Export Initiative (NEI) is one essential component of that strategy.
NLR “no license required”
A symbol entered on the Shipper’s Export Declaration (SED), certifying that no BIS export license is required.
OAC – Office of Antiboycott Compliance
OAC is responsible for implementing the antiboycott provisions of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). This office performs three main functions: (1) enforcing the regulations; (2) assisting the public in antiboycott compliance; and (3) compiling and analyzing information regarding international boycotts.
OEE – Office of Export Enforcement
OEE is responsible for investigating violations of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) and the Fastener Quality Act; apprehending violators; and recommending the prosecution of violators. OEE also conducts outreach to educate U.S. exporters how to identify and avoid illegal transactions.
USML – United States Munitions List
The list of defense articles, technology and services under the export and temporary import jurisdiction of the State Department. The USML is found in Part 121 of the ITAR. The USML is amended by rules published in the Federal Register.